Kidney Stones - Overview

Kidney stones are small stones that are made up of mineral deposits and acid salts. They will sometimes form in the kidneys and will affect any part of the urinary tract beginning in the kidneys and going into the bladder. Many times, when stones form when urine is extremely concentrated which will allow the urine to stick together.

When the stones are ready to come out passing them is quite painful. Although the passing of a kidney stone does not cause permanent damage, pain medication may be prescribed for discomfort. However, there are some severe cases where surgery is needed.

Symptoms:

  • Severe side and lower back pain
  • Lower groin and abdominal pain
  • Pain while urinating
  • Urine that appears red, brown, or pink in color
  • Urine that has a bad smell or cloudy appearance
  • Extreme nausea and vomiting
  • Consistent need to urinate and urinating more than usual in small amounts
  • Body chills and fever

Kidney Cancer – Overview

Kidney cancer is type of cancer originates in the kidneys that develops in the kidneys. The kidneys are two organs that are about the size of a fist and resembled the share of a bean. The kidneys are located behind on either side of your spine behind your abdominal organs.

Symptoms:

  • Blood in your urine, which may appear pink, red or cola colored
  • Back pain just below the ribs that doesn't go away
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Intermittent fever

Note: Kidney cancer rarely presents signs and symptoms in the early stages

UPJ Obstruction – Overview

Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction a condition that is caused by the impairment in the flow of urine as it travels from the pelvis to the bladder. UPJ can be detected before birth through ultrasound as early as the second trimester. In other cases, UPJ can be discovered after birth during an evaluation of reoccurring vomiting.

Symptoms:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Urinary tract infections