Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in men and occurs in the prostate gland, which produces some of the seminal fluid and also affects urinary function. Prostate cancer is usually slow-growing and can often be treated successfully in Lufkin when detected early.
Active surveillance is meant to monitor your cancer and usually involves blood tests, exams, and sometimes biopsies. It is recommended for men who have received an early-stage diagnosis, aren’t experiencing symptoms, or may be of advanced age or have other medical conditions.
External Beam Radiation is administered by a machine that delivers high-powered beams of radiation to the prostate gland from the outside of your body in order to kill the cancer cells. Internal Radiation is also known as Brachytherapy (or seed implantation therapy) and involves the placement of small radioactive seeds directly into your prostate. The seeds are similar in size to grains of rice and do not need to be removed at the end of the treatment period.
The focus of hormone therapy for prostate cancer treatment is to lower or stop the body’s production of the male hormone testosterone, which contributes to the growth of cancer cells. Medication is the most common type of hormone therapy and is often given in combination with other forms of treatment.
Prostate Removal and Tissue Freezing
There are several options for prostate cancer surgery, known as Prostatectomy, in which the prostate gland and surrounding tissues are removed. Another treatment option is cryosurgery or cryoablation, which involves using gas in the prostate to freeze and thaw the surrounding tissue and kill the cancer cells.
This type of prostate cancer treatment uses cancer-killing drugs given in pill form and/or through an intravenous (IV) tube into the patient’s arm on a set schedule. Chemotherapy is often recommended for patients with cancer that has spread to other parts of the body.
Also known as immunotherapy, this treatment uses substances made from living organisms to fight cancer. Immunotherapies work to boost the patient’s immune system or tag cancer cells so the immune system can find and destroy them.