Patients suffering from prostate cancer have a wide range of treatment options available. Subject to the stage of the disease, our doctor will work with you to design a treatment plan that will increase your chances of beating this deadly disease while managing the side effects and preserving your prostate’s function. Following are just some of the prostate cancer treatment options for your consideration.
1. Radiation Therapy
This involves the strategic use of photons to kill the cancer-causing cells. Radiation works by damaging the DNA (genetic blueprint) of cancer cells. The targeted cells die, thus, preventing the spread of cancer to other organs in the body. Like surgery, radiation therapy is effective at destroying localized or locally advanced prostate cancer. It gives the same cure rate as surgery.
Just as surgical skills play a vital role in determining the outcome of prostatectomy, the technical skills of the medical professional treating you can play an important role in the outcome of radiation therapy. Thus, when opting for this treatment option, ensure that you settle for a professional with broad experience and a range of approaches that can objectively help you find the best radiation therapy.
2. Hormone Therapy
Since the testosterone hormone serves as the primary trigger of prostate cancer cell growth, it is naturally a common target during hormonal therapy. Primary hormone therapy, also known as Androgen Deprivation Therapy – ADT, is part of the standard care when treating patients whose prostate cancer has reached advanced stages. This therapy inhibits the production of testosterone or blocks it from acting on prostate cancer cells.
The decision on when to start chemotherapy for prostate cancer treatment is based on the following factors:
• Availability of other treatment options or clinical trials
• How well the patient is able to tolerate chemotherapy
• Prior therapies the patient has received
• If the patient needs radiation for pain relief prior to chemotherapy
Often, chemotherapy is administered before the onset of pain to prevent cancer cells from spreading to the other organs.