Prostate cancer is a disease that affects men where malignant cancer cells develop in tissues of the prostate. The symptoms of this condition may include frequent urination or weak flow of urine. If you have prostate cancer, you will have to choose from the following types of treatment mentioned below depending on the specific stage of prostate cancer that you have.
1. Active surveillance
Some men who have prostate cancer experience slow growth of the cancer cells, so they may never need medication. Although, they will need to be monitored closely by their doctor just in case it worsens, which is referred to as “Active Surveillance.” The primary objective is to delay treatment or avoid unnecessary medication or any possible unwanted effects. It is often an option for those men with low Gleason score non-aggressive and early-stage cancer.
2. Radical prostatectomy
Prostatectomy is referred to as the act of removing the prostate gland and the tissues that surround it. The principal goal is to get rid of cancer from the body. Radical prostatectomy surgery can be a medication option for those men who have localized prostate cancer.
3. Biological therapy
Biological therapy may be referred to as biological response modifiers, immunotherapy, or biotherapy. It is the form of anti-cancer agent that is now gaining popularity. The treatment uses the body’s immune system to help fight prostate cancer. Sipuleucel-T is a type of biological therapy used for treating advanced or recurrent prostate cancer. The treatment uses some of the patient’s immune cells that are engineered genetically in the laboratory to address prostate cancer. It then injects these cells back into the patient’ body via a vein.
4. Hormone therapy
Prostate cancer is stimulated by the male hormones that are known as androgens. Testosterone is the main male androgen. Hormone therapy is therefore known as androgen suppression therapy or ADT. The treatment either blocks, adds or removes the hormones (testosterone) to help treat the prostate cancer or tumor. In case the patient received hormone therapy for the treatment of his prostate cancer, the doctor will have to conduct a testosterone test to monitor the hormone. It is a way of finding out if the medication is working correctly.
Prostate cancer’s treatment depends on each patient, and one can consult with their doctor to discuss the best treatment option. This is not the complete list of types of prostate cancer treatment. If you would like to know more about these treatments, visit our website. Also, you can contact us via our contact page to book an appointment.